23 Aug Standby Letters of Credit
Standby Letters of Credit
Definition: Standby letters of credit is a bank’s undertaking of fulfilling the applicant’s obligations.
A standby letter of credit is issued as a collateral and is therefore not intended to be used as a primary payment method unlike a commercial letter of credit.
Standby letters of credit will be liquefied only if the applicant default of its responsibilities under the underlying contract.
Standby letters of credit can be seen as a mixture of “commercial letters of credit” and “demand guarantees”. Standby letters of credit have the same structure as the commercial letters of credit, whereas their role is almost identical to the demand guarantees.
Structure: According to ISP 98, International Standby Practices, “A standby is an irrevocable, independent, documentary, and binding undertaking when issued and need not so state.”.
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These are also the main characteristics of the commercial letters of credit.
Usage: The role of a standby letter of credit is that the issuer will “stand by” to perform in the event of the account party’s non-performance or default.
Types of Standby Letters of Credit:
- A “Performance Standby” supports an obligation to perform other than to pay money, including for the purpose of covering losses arising from a default of the applicant in completion of the underlying transactions.
- An “Advance Payment Standby” supports an obligation to account for an advance payment made by the beneficiary to the applicant.
- A “Bid Bond/Tender Bond Standby” supports an obligation of the applicant to execute a contract if the applicant is awarded a bid.
- A “Counter Standby” supports the issuance of a separate standby or other undertaking by the beneficiary of the counter standby.
- A “Financial Standby” supports an obligation to pay money, including any instrument evidencing an obligation to repay borrowed money.
- A “Direct Pay” Standby supports payment when due of an underlying payment obligation typically in connection with a financial standby without regard to a default.
- An “Insurance Standby” supports an insurance or reinsurance obligation of the applicant.
- A “Commercial Standby” supports the obligations of an applicant to pay for goods or services in the event of non-payment by other methods.
Classification of Letters of Credit
Documentary credits, however named, have certain characteristics in common.
First of all, they are separate transactions by their nature from the underlying contracts on which they may be based.
Secondly, documentary credits deal with the documents only but not with the goods, services and/or other performances to which the documents may relate.
Letters of credit can balance the risks of the parties because the irrevocable payment guarantee is given by an independent and reliable third party, which fulfills its irrevocable payment obligation against the presentation of conforming documents.
These common characteristics have been stated in both of the latest documentary credit rules; UCP 600 and ISP 98.
Documentary credits can be divided into two main categories: Commercial letters of credit and standby letters of credit.
A-) Commercial Letters of Credit:
Commercial letters of credit are mainly used as a primary payment method in export and import of the tangible goods in international trade.
Exporter is the beneficiary of the commercial letter of credit transaction, where importer is the applicant.
Applicant, after negotiating the certain terms of the credit with the beneficiary, applies to his bank in order the letter of credit to be issued.
If issuing bank accepts the applicant’s request and issues the credit, it becomes the institution that gives the irrevocable payment undertaking to the beneficiary.
Issuing bank’s payment obligation under a commercial letter of credit is a separate undertaking from the transaction that occurs between the applicant and the beneficiary.
Beneficiary of the commercial letter of credit can acquire the payment from the issuing bank if he complies with the rules and the stipulations of the credit and be able to supply the required documents without discrepancies.
In all other situations beneficiary will not be paid by the issuing bank unless discrepancies are accepted by the applicant. Even in that case the issuing bank is the sole decider whether or not to pay to the beneficiary the letter of credit amount.
B-) Standby Letters of Credit:
Standby letters of credit can be considered as a slightly modified version of the commercial letters of credit.
Standby letters of credit share the documentary and abstract character of the commercial letters of credit. Also irrevocable payment undertaken is given by an independent reliable institution.
The main difference between the standby and commercial letters of credit is the usage intention.
Generally, a standby letter of credit is used to support the applicant’s position in a contractual relationship, where the applicant is expected to fulfill an obligation.
In case, the applicant can’t fulfill contractual obligations against the beneficiary of the standby letter of credit, then the beneficiary can apply to the issuing bank for full compensation.
It should be stressed once more that standby letters of credit are separate transactions from the underlying contracts on which they may be based.
The standby letter of credit serves as a secondary payment mechanism, which means that as long as the applicant fulfills his contractual obligations, the standby letter of credit will not be utilized.
Standby letters of credit have their own rules since 1999.
ISP 98 – International Standby Practices, ICC Publication No. 590 is published by International Chamber of Commerce to govern the standby letters of credit.
However it is possible to issue standby letters of credit subject to UCP 600.
Standby letters of credit have very similar characteristics with the demand guarantees, which are issued subject to the Uniform Rules for Demand Guarantees, ICC publication No : 758.
Who Is a Lease Standby Letter of Credit Provider?
Lease Standby Letters of Credit Providers are banks and other financial institutions such as Grand City Investment Limited that issue or provide Standby Letters of Credit to customers. Grand City Investment Limited are Lease Standby Letters of Credit Providers, Top SBLC Providers, Real sblc Providers, Genuine Bank Instruments Providers as well as lease sblc providers.
As genuine SBLC providers, all our leased bank instruments such as bank guarantees (BG) and standby letters of credit (SBLC) are issued by World’s rated Top 25 Banks. We use the Bank SWIFT Network to have the leased bank guarantee (BG) and standby letter of credit (SBLC) delivered to the beneficiary’s bank account by SWIFT MT799 followed by SWIFT MT760. We operate an extremely reliable, efficient delivery and authentication process.
We can issue any bank instrument (bg/sblc) from any of the worlds biggest banks in France, Germany, London, Paris, New York, Spain, Italy, Malaysia, Indonesia, Turkey, Hong Kong, Singapore or USA. We can also monetize any bank instrument such as bg or sblc. The bg/sblc monetization arrangement issues non recourse loans to the customer shortly after the bg/sblc is delivered to the monetizer.
Our bank instruments and Stand-by Letters of Credit can be engaged in PPP Trading, Trade Finance, Import & Export Transactions, Discounting and Monetization, signature project (s) such as Aviation, Agriculture, Petroleum, Telecommunication, construction of Dams, Bridges, Real Estate and all kinds of projects.
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Contact us today to know how a Leased Standby Letter of Credit mt760 from barclays bank, hsbc bank, Chase Bank, Standard Chartered Bank or Bank of America can help you conclude worthy deals with your suppliers and contractors.